The Sajjil [also known as "Sejjil" or "Sejil"] is a two-stage, primary solidpropellan with liquid propellant attitude control systems, surface-to-surface missile produced by Iran . The word is taken from a verse of Koran and it’s about a foreign army attacking Kaaba ( Mecca ). The story says that small birds appeared in the sky caring small pebbles of "baked clay" (SAJJIL) and dropped them on the enemy, killing them. Sajjil means stone mixed with mud. In Arabic, 'jim' is equivalent to 'ghaf' in Persian. Singue is hence spelled Sinj. The word Sajjil is then an Arabisation of a Persian term.
The Fars news agency reported 12 November 2008 that Iran had successfully test fired a new surface-to-surface missile. "The missile test launch is within the framework of defense strategy and conventional missile activities of Iran, it is merely intended for defense purposes and strengthening peace and stability in the region," Fars quoted Defense Minister Brigadier General Mustafa Mohammad Najjar as saying. "It will not be used against any country," he said. Najjar said the Sajjil missile's range is about 2,000-2,510 km (1,200-1,560 miles).
He said the two-stage missile burns solid fuel. The flight was launched by the Islamic Revolution Guard Corps (IRGC) unit as an operational system in a military exercise on November 10, 2008 from the newly excavated site on the outskirts of the city of Marivan in the western province of Kurdistan which borders Iraq.
It is believed that the missile was fired intentionally into the Semnan range Dasht-e Kavir (Salt Desert ) and was therefore not launched full range. All subsequent flights have come from the Semnan range. On 20 May 2009 President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said Iran had test-fired a new advanced missile with a range of about 1,200 miles, far enough to strike Israel and southeastern Europe . "Defense Minister (Mostafa Mohammad
Najjar) has informed me that the Sajjil-2 missile, which has very advanced technology, was launched from Semnan and it landed precisely on the target," state radio quoted Ahmadinejad as saying.
Secretary Gates confirmed the Iranian test during an appearance before a House of Representatives committee. "The information that I have read indicates that it was a successful flight test," he said. "The missile will have a range of approximately 2,000 to 2,500 kilometers. Because of some of the problems they've had with their engines, we think, at least at this stage of the testing, it's probably closer to the lower end of that range. Whether it hit the target that it was intended for, I have not seen any information on that.
A subsequent successful test firing of the production prototype of Sejjil took place on Sept 28, 2009. It has been suggested that there have been at least four flight of the Sejjil solid propellant missile including at a minimum one in country unannounced. The have also been at least two firings of the longer range Ashura missile.
Iran followed this launch on December 16, 2009 from its Semnan range with an Iranian, Islamic Revolution Guard Corps (IRGC) unit army operation test launch of the land mobile fixed site green colored Sejjil-2 with warhead impact explosion of a none nuclear conventional explosion apparently being displayed. The Sejjil-2 has an demonstrated range capability of 2,510 kilometers with its 650 kilogram tri-conic warhead re-entry vehicle design. It can also carry a 1,000 kilogram wargead tp 2,000 kilometers.