Israel Nuclear Weapon And Missile Uranium Target and Mission
Israel‘s National Nuclear Security Doctrine:
This is based on the perception that Arab countries are determined to destroy Israel; that Israel has no reliable
international allies and must take care of itself; there is an asymmetrical balance of resources versus the Arab
Countries in Demography, Geography, Economic Resources, Structure of Armed Forces in terms of man power.
Israel‘s Operational Military Doctrine:
That Israel must have the capability to deter any possible Arab attack, and if deterrence fails then Israel must
strive for an early war termination if war breaks out. That any war with the Arab countries would have to be
short and decisive. That the war must quickly be carried into and fought on Arab territory giving rise to a rapid offensive and high degree of mobility to sustain conte. The possible acquisition of nuclear weapons by any Arab or non-Arab Muslim State in the region is considered as a direct existential threat to Israel. Israel should prevent all Stateinuous forward movement.
Israel‘s Nuclear Policy:
A nuclear capability is needed to deter threats to Israel‘s existencmbiguity about it‘s own nuclear weapons program.
The purpose of the nuclear ambiguity policy was based on the belief that it had introduced an effective "deterrences in the Middle East Region from developing a nuclear program that it sees as a threat, or attempting to acquire nuclear weapons. Israel has deliberately maintained a nuclear policy a through uncertainty". Arab states were never sure that Israel would use a nuclear weapon in retaliation to it‘s survival in the event of a major war, or if any of the Arab states try to acquire a nuclear capability.
Israel‘s nuclear ambiguity policy has been stated by a number of Israeli leaders in such statements as:
1. Israel will not be the first to use nuclear weapons and
2. Israel will not be the first to introduce nuclear weapons into the Middle East :
• The Arab States‘ view is that such nuclear doctrines can never be considered binding in case of war.
• Israel has never officially admitted that it possesses Nuclear Weapons, and is not a signatory to the
Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Many see the present status of Israel as an "Undeclared Nuclear Weapon State", at the same time it has become to be recognized as possessing a very sophisticated arsenal of nuclear weapons.
Video Israel Nuclear Reactor
Cooperation Israel with France in nuclear reactor design
• Uranium exploration began in Negev as early as 1949; Israeli Atomic Energy Commission began to discuss nuclear option in 1952. Cooperation with France in nuclear reactor design and technology began in 1950s. French-Israeli construction of a reactor in Dimona – whose actual capacity was much larger than its announced capacity, began in 1957.
US detected the project in 1958, and visited the reactor during the 1960s, but Israel concealed its true output and performance characteristics.
• Britain sells 20-tons of heavy water to Israel in 1959-1960. It also sells beryllium and lithium-6. These sales are critical to bringing the kind of reactor Israel needs on line, and potentially useful in easing its problems in producing "boosted" fission and fusion weapons.
• Possible nuclear test (implosion proof of principle or "zero yield") in Negev on November 2, 1966.
• By 1968, the CIA publicly estimated that Israel had nuclear weapons. It estimated that Israel had 10-20 nuclear weapons.
• By 1986, leaks by Mordecai Vanunu, and from other sources, led to estimates that Israel had some 100-200 fission weapons. The possibility existed that it had boosted fission weapons with yields in the 60-100 kiloton (KT) range.
• October 1973: reports that Prime Minister Golda Meir orders IDF to assemble nuclear weapons for delivery in response to Egyptian and Syrian attacks, and that .Jericho missiles at Hirbat Zachariah and nuclear strike F-4s at Tel Nof are armed.
• Reports of joint nuclear test with South Africa in 1979, but never confirmed. Israel does seem to have cooperated with South Africa in missile design and booster testing.
• The director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) indicated in May 1989 that Israel may be seeking to construct a thermonuclear weapon.
• June 2000: reports begin to surface that Israel will arm submarines with nuclear-armed cruise or ballistic missiles. Such reports have continued ever since. Reports that Israel had modified the Harpoon cruise missile to have nuclear warheads have been regularly repeated since 2003. Germany sells Israel advanced Dolphin-class submarines in 2005.